|serfs||A medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lord’s estate; tied to the land.|
|vassals||In Europe, a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services.|
Who worked the land for the lord?
Villein – A non-free man, owing heavy labor service to a lord, subject to his manorial court, bound to the land, and subject to certain feudal dues. The wealthiest class of peasant. He usually cultivated 20-40 acres of land.
Who worked the land and owed loyalty to the Lord?
Terms in this set (8) A medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lord’s estate. Serfs work/do labor for the lord in return for necessities to survive . Such as food , shelter , and protection.
Who pledged loyalty to a lord?
Under the feudal contract: A powerful lord granted his vassal a fief, or estate. He also promised to protect his vassal. In return, the vassal pledged loyalty to his lord.
Who received land and served his lord?
In a feudal system, a peasant or worker known as a vassal received a piece of land in return for serving a lord or king, especially during times of war. Vassals were expected to perform various duties in exchange for their own fiefs, or areas of land.
What are the 4 levels of feudalism?
The feudal system was just like an ecosystem – without one level, the entire system would fall apart. The hierarchies were formed up of 4 main parts: Monarchs, Lords/Ladies (Nobles), Knights, and Peasants/Serfs. Each of the levels depended on each other on their everyday lives.
What was a lord who granted land to another lord called?
A lord was in broad terms a noble who held land, a vassal was a person who was granted possession of the land by the lord, and a fief was what the land was known as. In exchange for the use of the fief and the protection of the lord, the vassal would provide some sort of service to the lord.
What was a peasant called that was bound to the soil?
Serfdom, condition in medieval Europe in which a tenant farmer was bound to a hereditary plot of land and to the will of his landlord. The vast majority of serfs in medieval Europe obtained their subsistence by cultivating a plot of land that was owned by a lord.
What did a vassal agree to do for his king or lord in return for land?
Some vassals did not have fiefs and lived at their lord’s court as his household knights. … In return, the lord had the right to demand the services attached to the fief (military, judicial, administrative) and a right to various “incomes” known as feudal incidents.
What were lesser nobles called?
The plots of land lords gave to lesser nobles called vassals.
What did the vassal give the lord?
Vassals gave their support and loyalty to their lords in exchange for a fief, a piece of land. If a vassal gained enough land, he could give some to other knights and become a lord himself.
How did a lord benefit from giving his lands away as fiefs?
The lord benefited from giving his land away as fiefs is buy the lord promise to protect his vassals, vassals pledge loyalty to the lord, also the vassals have to serve in the military for 40 days a year. Compare the rights and obligations of noblemen and noblewomen during the Middle Ages.
What does it mean when a manor is self sufficient?
Villages on a Manor usually had less than 600 residents. (About 15-30 families). They were self-sufficient, which means they produced. everything they needed: Food, Clothing, and Farming. Tools.
What was a typical manor like?
What was a typical manor like? Large house/castle, pastures, fields and forest with peasants working on it. … The serfs probably didn’t like the manor system because they were treated like slaves.
What does a lord rule over?
The Lord held absolute power over the fief or manor including holding court and deciding punishments for crimes.
What is it called when a lord grants a piece of land to a lesser nobleman below them?
Feudal society is a military hierarchy in which a ruler or lord offers mounted fighters a fief (medieval beneficium), a unit of land to control in exchange for a military service. … Individual lords would divide their lands into smaller and smaller sections to give to lesser rulers and knights.